October 30, 2014
WASHINGTON, D.C. – Earlier this week, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) rejected the claim that the African lion merited listing as an endangered species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).
That announcement brought plenty of applause from SCI and its wildlife conservation partners and pro-hunting allies.
The FWS reached its position after a long and comprehensive review of the species' status – which included obtaining up-to-date information from the foremost lion researchers in the world – leading the Service to conclude that the African lion is not on the brink of extinction and did not merit listing as an endangered species.
The FWS concluded " ... [s]port-hunting was not found to be a threat to the species at this time."
According to a Safari Club International news release on the decision, "this conclusion is a blow to the anti-hunting rhetoric put forward by organizations such as the Humane Society of the United States and International Fund for Animal Welfare.
"The FWS's conclusion contradicts the assertions made by these anti-hunting organizations in the petition they filed with FWS to have the lion listed as endangered.
"The on the ground facts and the science simply did not support their position."
Afterwards, SCI leadership applauded the FWS announcement.
"By rejecting an endangered listing, the FWS has officially recognized the reality that the African lions are not actually on the brink of extinction," said SCI Foundation president Joe Hosmer.
"More important, today's decision will likely help further the cooperative efforts of the African nations, and the many organizations and individuals who are working to study and ensure lion populations are sustainable today and into the future," he added.
"Given the outstanding efforts of African governments in creating and maintaining protected strongholds for a large majority of the lion population, it is doubtful that the Service will be able to defend its conclusion that the lion is threatened with extinction in the foreseeable future."
As proof, SCI offers up in its news release the following lion facts:
- Recent comprehensive studies of the conservation status of the African lion conclude that there are between 32,000 and 35,000 lions living in the wild in Africa.
- According to Riggio et al. 2012, a significant 24,000 lions, which is at least 68 percent of the estimated total population, live in what the study terms "strongholds." "Strongholds" are areas that are legally protected as lion habitat or where hunting is managed and that meet "the necessary requirements for [the] long-term viability" of the lion populations living there. There are at least 10 such "strongholds" in Africa, covering an area almost as large as the United States east of the Mississippi River. Riggio affirms with science that lion populations living in these areas are "large, stable, and well protected," and the populations are therefore "likely to persist into the foreseeable future."
- The SCI Foundation has invested hundreds of thousands of dollars into the development of regional and national science-based lion management plans across east and southern Africa.
- For some twelve years, the SCI Foundation has supported the African Wildlife Consultative Forum – where the African lion has been a leading conservation issue – with a total investment approaching US $750,000.
In light of the above, others applauded this week's FWS announcement as well.
"The simple fact is the majority of lions live in protected areas," stated David Bernhardt, former Solicitor of the Department of the Interior. "Efforts like that of the SCI Foundation play a critical role in assisting African range states utilizing best management efforts to ensure the lion has a bright future, not glossy advertisements and hyperbole.
"We will work with SCI Foundation to ensure the FWS is accountable to the facts and the law going forward."
According to the SCI news release, the FWS will now collect public comments.
While that process occurs, SCI encourages conservationists around the world to participate in the public comment period.
As the regulatory proposal moves forward, the SCI organization expects the anti-hunting and animal rights organizations to continue their calls to ignore on the ground realities and to push for an endangered determination.
That's something that Safari Club International (SCI) and the SCI Foundation promise to oppose.
"SCI raised over $1 million for SCI Foundation to combat the listing of the African lion as endangered," said SCI president Craig Kauffman. "We will continue to ensure funding is available for science-based conservation of the African lion in the future.
"SCI is proud of our Foundation which has won this battle against anti-hunting activists."
As impressive as all of this is, SCI also noted in its news release that the concerns of American voters must be addressed as the FWS moves forward.
According to SCI, some 80 percent of voters agree that while the future of the African lion is a concern, there are higher priorities that need to be addressed in the United States.
(Editor's Note: SCI reports in its news release that the Tarrance Group was commissioned by the Safari Club International Foundation to conduct a telephone survey with N=1,013 registered likely voters nationally. Live interviews were conducted April 28-30, 2013. Respondents were selected at random and were part of a fully representative sample reflective of the latest voter registration figures. A random sample of this type is likely to yield a margin of error of + 3.1 percent with a 95 percent confidence level.)
What does all of that mean? SCI states in its news release that the FWS should focus on those species found here in the United States, species that the federal agency actually has the ability to manage.
"While voters recognize the importance of protecting endangered species through science based management, 81 percent of voters want the FWS to focus its efforts and taxpayers dollars on protecting domestic species," said SCI in its news release.
"And for those non-domestic species, two-thirds of voters agree that we should be working under international treaties to ensure protection and global cooperation.
"Voters clearly want the U.S. government to work within existing international agreements instead of squandering precious resources by implementing unnecessary regulations of foreign species."