Skip to main content

Red or White Oak: Which is Better Choice for Deer?

Easy to plant and maintain, hard-mast trees improve your hunting property.

Red or White Oak: Which is Better Choice for Deer?

Photo courtesy of Chestnut Hill Outdoors

Mast orchards are a great way to increase your land's ability to attract and hold more wildlife. Planting soft mast producers for the early fall and hard mast trees for later is a good way to increase the period and level of attraction, and you can improve both even further by selecting a variety of each.

Oaks are among the most popular hard-mast producers because they're relatively easy to plant and maintain, and provide one of the most nutritious preferred deer foods. Even better, they come in several different varieties, each with different growth and mast producing characteristics.

Botanists lump oak species into two general groups: red (or black) and white. They differ in several ways, including how they produce acorns.

White oak acorns require one year to mature while red oak acorns take two years. That makes white oaks a more reliable source of mast, given favorable growing conditions. Conversely, the red oak's two-year cycle is less consistent but a good hedge against all-out mast crop failure during one bad year.

There are other differences. Most (but not all) white oak varieties tend to drop acorns early and over a relatively short time. White oak acorns tend to be smaller, though there are exceptions (like swamp chestnut oak), and are low in tannins making them sweeter. That makes them highly attractive, while they last.

Red oak acorns drop over a longer period, are larger and higher in fats, carbohydrates and tannins.  That makes them an important nutritional source for deer as they fatten up for winter, though the tannins make the acorns a tad more bitter.

Which is Better Choice for Deer?

Each has its advantages and disadvantages but the best answer is: both. White oaks will provide an abundant, attractive food source for a shorter period, earlier in the season. Red oaks will continue drawing deer later in the season, and may be the only mast source in years when a late frost, a cold spring or heavy rains during the pollination period could mean failure in the white oak acorn crop. -- Chestnut Hills Outdoors 

Chestnut Hill Outdoors offers seven different species of oak with representatives from both red and white groups. Most red oaks normally begin to bear in 10-20 years and grow as tall as 60-80 feet or more.

However, sawtooth oaks bear in only 4-6 years, which makes them extremely popular with wildlife orchardists. White Oaks normally take at least 20 or more years before they start to bear. However, live oaks grow relatively quickly and bear within 6-10 years. They're also one of the most heat tolerant oak species, making them a good choice for the southeast Atlantic and Gulf coasts from North Carolina south to Florida and west to Texas.

Chestnut Hill Outdoors is more than just a nursery. In order to ensure you receive the maximum benefit from their products, they also provide sound advice and instruction on proper planting and care. For more on the different varieties of oaks available from Chestnut Hill Outdoors, pricing and and how to care for them, visit

GET THE NEWSLETTER Join the List and Never Miss a Thing.

Recommended Articles

Recent Videos

Sometimes you have to fish a bait that allows you to cover a lot of water efficiently. When you're on the search for bass that have moved into deeper water off the bank and away from obvious holding spots, a swimbait can locate them.

On the Search with Swimbaits

One of the best imitations of a wounded baitfish is the soft-plastic jerkbait, or fluke. A fluke darting just beneath the surface can be too much for a bass to resist. Rig it and fish it according to water conditions and cover to make this great bait even more effective.

Fun with Flukes

There are three models in SPRO's Outsider crankbait series: 55 (runs 3-4 feet), 60 (7-9) and 80 (19-21). Professional bass angler Jonathan Kelley goes over the specifics at ICAST 2022 in Orlando.

SPRO's New Outsider Crankbait Series: First Look

Professional bass angler Jonathan Kelley highlights the features of SPRO's new lures at ICAST 2022 in Orlando.

New Essential Series Spinnerbaits and Buzzbaits from SPRO

Syd Ribes with Sea Falcon highlights four new lures for saltwater fishing. At ICAST 2022 in Orlando.

New Lineup of Lures from Sea Falcon

Syd Ribes highlights two new saltwater lures from SPRO: Flutter Tail Shrimp and Cannon Ball Jig. At ICAST 2022 in Orlando.

New Saltwater Lures from SPRO

AFTCO's Matt Florentino highlights the features of the new Barricade cold-weather suit, a Best of Category winner at ICAST 2022 in Orlando. With Game & Fish's Adam Heggenstaller.

New from AFTCO: Barricade Cold Weather Tactical Gear

Three-time ICAST Best of Category winner Bubba covers it all with new knives set. With Bubba's Matt Kinamore and Game & Fish's  Adam Heggenstaller at ICAST 2022 in Orlando.

4-in-1 Bubba Multi Flex Cutlery Kit

The innovative landing net will weigh and measure your catch while it's still in the net. Best of Category winner at ICAST 2022. With Game & Fish's Adam Heggenstaller.

Award-Winning Frabill Witness Net 'Keeps You Honest'

Game & Fish Magazine Covers Print and Tablet Versions

GET THE MAGAZINE Subscribe & Save

Digital Now Included!


Give a Gift   |   Subscriber Services


Buy Digital Single Issues

Magazine App Logo

Don't miss an issue.
Buy single digital issue for your phone or tablet.

Buy Single Digital Issue on the Game & Fish App

Other Magazines

See All Other Magazines

Special Interest Magazines

See All Special Interest Magazines

GET THE NEWSLETTER Join the List and Never Miss a Thing.

Get the top Game & Fish stories delivered right to your inbox every week.

Phone Icon

Get Digital Access.

All Game & Fish subscribers now have digital access to their magazine content. This means you have the option to read your magazine on most popular phones and tablets.

To get started, click the link below to visit and learn how to access your digital magazine.

Get Digital Access

Not a Subscriber?
Subscribe Now

Enjoying What You're Reading?

Get a Full Year
of Guns & Ammo
& Digital Access.

Offer only for new subscribers.

Subscribe Now