When you're fighting a fish on rod and reel, it's easy to get distracted. You're thinking about one thing and one thing only: Getting the fish in the boat. And sometimes that's best accomplished by reaching down and lipping the fish with your bare hands.
There are times when you'll want to think twice before doing that, however. The rivers, lakes and saltwater environs of the Western Hemisphere are home to many fish that have mouths studded with row after row of wicked teeth.
Lip one of these toothy swimmers and you may find yourself getting stitched up in the emergency room. In fact, a bad encounter with one of these flesh eaters could leave you minus a finger or two...or even a hand.
Beware, these bad ass fish bite.
At first glance, the bowfin looks pretty harmless. Its teeth, which are immovable outgrowths of its jawbones, aren't readily apparent.
But if you examine a bowfin's mouth up close — if you're stupid enough — you'll get the definite impression that, given a chance, it would chew your arm off. Nicknames include mudfish, dogfish and grinnel, but more vulgar monikers are often used by frazzled fishermen with broken lines, mauled lures and shattered poles.
Writer Jim Spencer gave a vivid account of one bowfin encounter.
'It was possibly the most violent strike I'll ever see in my life, regardless of the species, ' he said. 'No white marlin ever slashed a trolled skipjack any harder than when that grinnel hit my fast-moving spinner. The water around the lure erupted like a miniature volcano €¦ I set the hook purely out of fright. '
Don't land one with a lip-lock. If you do, there's a good probability you'll come away missing a digit.
Think Polaris missile with teeth. That's a good description of the alligator gar, an armor-covered leviathan of Southern lakes and rivers.
Its size impresses — known to reach lengths of 8 feet and weigh over 300 pounds. Looking into its tooth-studded maw is like staring death in the eye.
John Fox guided for Arkansas gator gars in the 1950s. He tells the story of one client so horrified by the hellish stare of a gar that he deep-sixed Fox's rod and reel with the gar still hooked and demanded to be taken immediately to shore.
'A guy fishing with us one day let one jump in the boat, ' Fox said. 'It tore the side of the boat out and broke the man's leg! ' Nineteenth-century news accounts describe many instances of people being killed or injured by these fish, including those snatched off houseboats.
If you mess with this bad boy, be sure your life insurance is paid up.
Members of the genus Esox — the pike, pickerels and muskellunge — are deadly predators that will kill and eat darn near anything, including squirrels, ducks, young muskrats and other sizable fish.
Their long canine teeth, which ring the wide lower jaw, and the short, sharp teeth on the tongue and roof of the mouth, spell instant death to unwary prey.
That same dentition can lay open a person's foot or hand dangled in the water, as has often happened in places where big muskies and pike thrive.
Suffice it to say that putting any body part too close to the jaws of one of these marauders can spell trouble if the fish decides to latch on.
Extreme caution is advised.
Photo courtesy of Northland Fishing Tackle
Many saltwater fish are armed with mouths full of sharp teeth, too.
Consider the lingcod, whose toothy maw resembles that of a sci-fi monster destined to eat the entire crew of a spaceship.
This fish is covered with brownish-red blotches that make it look like it has some kind of skin disorder. Maybe that's what makes it so ornery.
A 40-pounder I hooked off Seward, Alaska, slammed me into the gunwale so hard I had bruises for weeks. Pity the person who hooks a really big one, which can top 80 pounds.
You'll find lingcod year-round in West Coast waters from Southern California to the Gulf of Alaska. They're aggressive and easy to catch on jigs and cutbaits when fishing around rock piles and reefs.
If you're tough enough to handle one — and it doesn't snap your line — steer clear of the huge, gaping mouth studded with big teeth.
The species' scientific name, Ophiodon elongatus
, means 'long snake tooth, ' which is an appropriate appellation.
Bluefish are abundant and popular sportfish in many areas, particularly along the Northeast coast. Lots of folks like catching them, but novices may not realize these sleek, powerful marine fish pack a dangerous set of dentures.
I've seen them bite right through a hook. I've even saw a fellow angler lose part of a toe to one that thrashed in the bottom of our boat.
Schools of bluefish often 'blitz, ' pushing baitfish near shore as they feed. Swimmers, surfers and others in the water sometimes suffer serious bites if they're unfortunate enough to get caught in the feeding frenzy.
If you handle one carelessly while fishing, there's a definite risk it could remove some big chunks of flesh from any body part that gets near those chomping jaws.
'They are the most ferocious fish in the world, ' Theodore Roosevelt once wrote of piranhas. 'They will rend and devour alive any wounded man or beast. '
Mean doesn't begin to describe them.
Most of the 17 species in South American waters are beautiful creatures, but not the black piranha. The biggest of its clan and weighing as much as 13 pounds, this purplish flesh-eater looks like the embodiment of pure evil with its blood-red eyes and jutting jaw lined with razor-edged teeth.
A fearsome 5-pound specimen in Brazil exploded on a big prop bait I cast, sending a spray of water high into the air. When I lifted the fish over the gunwale, it bit cleanly through the 3/0 treble hook impaled in its jaw.
They've been known to take off fingers and toes with equal ease.
Like the lingcod, Brazil's giant trahira, or wolf fish, looks like something that should be chasing Sigourney Weaver around a spaceship.
This little-known fish weighs up to 50 pounds and has chompers that look like they could bite through nails. Think 'nuclear walleye ' and you'll have a good picture.
When hooked, this evil-looking primitive does a tarpon-on-steroids impersonation, jumping repeatedly. You'll need heavy tackle to drag it out of the snag-filled jungle backwaters it typically inhabits, but often times even that gear won't survive a brutal battle with one of these raging bulls.
Don't hold a trahira near any body part you want to keep. They've been known to rip chunks of flesh from nitwits wading barefoot in shorts.
They don't call it the 'Dracula fish ' for nothing.
This South American favorite has the countenance of a vampire, with two fangs as long as your little fingers erupting from its lower jaw, plus dozens of other sharp teeth.
With needle-sharp tips and knifelike edges, these dentures are perfect for impaling the payara's favorite dinner: live piranhas. And you know any fish that eats piranhas must be one tough customer.
While fishing for payara on the Rio Paragua in Venezuela, we often reeled in piranha baits so full of holes they looked like hamburger meat — the result of payara attacks.
The fish's long lower fangs fit nicely into sheaths in the upper jaw, but the payara's strike is as swift as a cobra. It can open wide and impale you before you know what happened.
The result is guaranteed to be extremely bloody and painful.
About the Author
With a resumé listing more than 3,800 magazine, newspaper and website articles about fishing, hunting, wildlife and conservation, Keith "Catfish" Sutton of Alexander, Ark., has established a reputation as one of the country's best-known outdoor writers. In 2012, he was enshrined in the National Fresh Water Fishing Hall of Fame as a Legendary Communicator. The 12 books he's written are available through his website.