Skip to main content

10 Ways to Eliminate Wingshooting Miscues

Fix your faults to get more hits on grouse this season.

10 Ways to Eliminate Wingshooting Miscues

A strap vest doesn’t bind the upper body like a full vest, leading to a smoother swing and more rewards for you and your dog. (Photo by Tom Keer)

You must be prepared if you want to bag more ruffed grouse this fall. After several poor outings I learned these lessons the hard way (which is basically shorthand for I’ve missed more than my share of birds by being unprepared). Here are the 10 best ways to avoid wingshooting miscues in the grouse woods this season.

1. Get fit as a fiddle

If you want to kill more grouse, then you’ll need to wear out your boots. But logging lots of miles weaving around alder whips and lifting your legs over deadfall is tiring. Do it in the early-season heat and the late-season cold, and you’ll be slap wore out.

Summer picnics always pack on weight, so lose the jelly belly before opening day. There are a lot of different ways to get in shape, but I rely on the United States Marine Corps’ Personal Fitness Test (PFT).

The numbers in the chart are the bare minimum to pass a PFT, and more is always better. If it’s good enough for the Marines, it’s good enough for me.

United States Marine Corps’ Personal Fitness Test

The connection between your upper and lower body is your midsection, so if you are short on time, then explore your core. Crunches, planks and jackknifes are all good, but if you had to do only one exercise, then pick the half-kneeling wood chop. That single exercise strengthens shoulders, back and midsection all at once. Those are the muscles you’ll use when grouse hunting.

2. Use the right gun

The gun you love should be the one that drops birds, period. Sure, there is the nostalgia of hunting with grandpa’s side-by-side, but only if it fits. Modern shotgun measurements are average in length and flat. Length of pull is usually 14 1/2 inches, drop at comb is 1 1/2 inches, and drop at heel is 2 1/2 inches. They fit the average shooter well, and no tweaks or modifications are necessary.

Older shotguns have different dimensions, and that means the stocks are shorter and they have a lot of drop. Too short a stock causes shooters to scrunch into the gun and to roll their shoulders, while too much drop puts your eye in alignment with the safetyand not the rib. The net result is that you have a shotgun that isn’t shooting where you’re looking.

If you are consistently missing a lot of birds, then get a professional gun fitting. Compare your measurements to those of your favorite shotgun to see if that’s the problem. To hit more grouse, you might need a new stock. If you don’t want to restock a firearm, then sell yours and buy one that fits.

Focus on the bird when it flushes and while you swing, and you’ll have plenty of time to admire it afterwards. (Photo by Tom Keer)

3. Keep an open choke

If it’s not your stock, you may miss grouse because your chokes are too tight. Last fall I killed a grouse under my setter’s point, and because of the thick foliage, I would have bet it was a 50-yard shot. I paced off the distance, only to discover the bird fell at 21 yards (which is the same distance of clay targets thrown in the grouse shooting game called skeet). Those chokes are named appropriately. If you’re shooting a double then make your first barrel cylinder (C) and your second either skeet in (SI) or skeet out (SO). You’ll get great pattern spread from the cylinder choke, and then have a tighter choke for your second shot. Use SI if you’re in thick cover and SO if you’re in the big woods. Pump and semi-automatic shooters should go with either a cylinder choke or skeet in. To supercharge your pattern spread shoot lighter loads for your first shot (i.e., a 3/4-ounce 20-gauge load instead of the standard 7/8-ounce 20-gauge).

4. Stand in the open, shoot into the thick

It’s easy to think that if you stand in thick cover and shoot into the open you’ll kill more grouse. You’ll tell yourself that the bird is in the open, so you’ll have better target acquisition. You’ll follow that up with reduced shot dissipation as your No. 8s won’t be deflected by branches. But when you’re in the jungle, branches check your swing, and when that happens, you’ll shoot behind and miss.

If you shoot from an open area into the thick cover, then you’ll be able to swing and keep up with the grouse. Don’t worry if you lose sight of the bird as it flies into a leaf canopy. Keep on swinging on the bird’s flight plane and pull the trigger. Grouse aren’t grizzlies; only a few, well-placed pellets are necessary to bring them down.

Some grouse cover may appear relatively open, but most shots will still occur within range of a cylinder or skeet choke. (Photo by Tom Keer)

5. Keep your eyes on the prize

While some grouse will flush from a tree, the majority are feeding on the ground. Focus your attention on your dog and the terrain and you’ll acquire the target more quickly than if you’re looking around and yakking with your buddy. The grouse whirl startles most hunters, which makes them break their concentration. If you’re slow to pick up the bird’s flight plan, the odds are you’ll rush the shot. Concentrate on the cover in front of you, watch your dog, and be ready. When the grouse flushes, focus your eyes on its flight, and then mount, swing and shoot.


6. Don’t aim your shotgun like a rifle

If you’re a whitetail hunter who also grouse hunts, you’re probably guilty of this one. You aim at the buck by looking at the sights or through the scope. Confidence comes from that approach, but shotgunning isn’t an exact science. To bring down a grouse you just need to deliver the shot pattern in the bird’s general area. You need to concentrate on the bird and not on the bead. There is no need to be precise—or aim—with a shotgun when hunting grouse.

7. Keep your head down

We all want to know if we hit the bird, and that’s why shooters lift their heads. Lifting your head causes your cheek to come off of the stock, and when it does, you’ll typically shoot under the bird. If your cheek is off the stock, then the odds are you’re not swinging your muzzle, either. Keep your cheek on the stock and lift it after you’ve completed the shot cycle.

8. Be quick, but don’t rush

Snap shots are point and shoot, and they’re different from crossing shots. Several issues come about with a rushed crossing shot. First, gun mounts are sloppy. Cheeks aren’t on stocks, eyes aren’t looking down ribs, and buttstocks don’t land in the hollow of your shoulder and chest. Second, concentration on the target is weak and unfocused. Third, front and rear hands aren’t working in synch, which causes muzzle rock, and muzzle rock is the reason hunters shoot over or under birds. And lastly, rushed shots usually don’t have any follow-through. Find a speed that is quick but also allows for smooth mechanics.

9. Smooth out gun mount

Poor gun mount often relates to gear. Bunched layers mean hunters wrestle to get a good mount just as they do when cotton jackets grab rubber recoil pads. That herky-jerky mount causes missed birds. If your gun has a rubber recoil pad, cover it with smooth electrician’s tape (which you can remove at the end of the season). And wear a shooting shirt and a strap vest. Vests offer more movement than jackets, and you can layer in a fleece vest when it gets cold. A smoother, quicker swing kills more birds.

Dogs will help find more grouse, but hunters have to keep up with their four-legged partners to capitalize on the efforts. (Photo by Tom Keer)

10. Get up on your dog

If you hunt with big-running dogs, then you have to keep up with them. Hard-charging dogs cover a lot of ground and find more birds. But if you’re lolly gagging, then it’ll take time to get up on that point. Pinned wild birds will hold, while unpinned birds feel the dog’s pressure and will walk away or flush out of range. Hunters that aren’t keeping up with their dogs miss the best opportunities at killing grouse. It doesn’t matter if your dog runs big or inside of bell range; you must keep up with your companion.

In most conditions, ruffed grouse are hard to hit. But if you incorporate these 10 points into your season, then you’ll kill more birds without having to learn the hard way.

GET THE NEWSLETTER Join the List and Never Miss a Thing.

Recommended Articles

Recent Videos

Sometimes you have to fish a bait that allows you to cover a lot of water efficiently. When you're on the search for bass that have moved into deeper water off the bank and away from obvious holding spots, a swimbait can locate them.

On the Search with Swimbaits

One of the best imitations of a wounded baitfish is the soft-plastic jerkbait, or fluke. A fluke darting just beneath the surface can be too much for a bass to resist. Rig it and fish it according to water conditions and cover to make this great bait even more effective.

Fun with Flukes

There are three models in SPRO's Outsider crankbait series: 55 (runs 3-4 feet), 60 (7-9) and 80 (19-21). Professional bass angler Jonathan Kelley goes over the specifics at ICAST 2022 in Orlando.

SPRO's New Outsider Crankbait Series: First Look

Professional bass angler Jonathan Kelley highlights the features of SPRO's new lures at ICAST 2022 in Orlando.

New Essential Series Spinnerbaits and Buzzbaits from SPRO

Syd Ribes with Sea Falcon highlights four new lures for saltwater fishing. At ICAST 2022 in Orlando.

New Lineup of Lures from Sea Falcon

Syd Ribes highlights two new saltwater lures from SPRO: Flutter Tail Shrimp and Cannon Ball Jig. At ICAST 2022 in Orlando.

New Saltwater Lures from SPRO

AFTCO's Matt Florentino highlights the features of the new Barricade cold-weather suit, a Best of Category winner at ICAST 2022 in Orlando. With Game & Fish's Adam Heggenstaller.

New from AFTCO: Barricade Cold Weather Tactical Gear

Three-time ICAST Best of Category winner Bubba covers it all with new knives set. With Bubba's Matt Kinamore and Game & Fish's  Adam Heggenstaller at ICAST 2022 in Orlando.

4-in-1 Bubba Multi Flex Cutlery Kit

The innovative landing net will weigh and measure your catch while it's still in the net. Best of Category winner at ICAST 2022. With Game & Fish's Adam Heggenstaller.

Award-Winning Frabill Witness Net 'Keeps You Honest'

Game & Fish Magazine Covers Print and Tablet Versions

GET THE MAGAZINE Subscribe & Save

Digital Now Included!


Give a Gift   |   Subscriber Services


Buy Digital Single Issues

Magazine App Logo

Don't miss an issue.
Buy single digital issue for your phone or tablet.

Buy Single Digital Issue on the Game & Fish App

Other Magazines

See All Other Magazines

Special Interest Magazines

See All Special Interest Magazines

GET THE NEWSLETTER Join the List and Never Miss a Thing.

Get the top Game & Fish stories delivered right to your inbox every week.

Phone Icon

Get Digital Access.

All Game & Fish subscribers now have digital access to their magazine content. This means you have the option to read your magazine on most popular phones and tablets.

To get started, click the link below to visit and learn how to access your digital magazine.

Get Digital Access

Not a Subscriber?
Subscribe Now

Enjoying What You're Reading?

Get a Full Year
of Guns & Ammo
& Digital Access.

Offer only for new subscribers.

Subscribe Now