White Bass Information

Other Names

Silver bass, sand bass, sandy, barfish.


The white bass can be identified by the distinctive arched back just behind its head. It also has only one tongue patch. They have the dark, usually unbroken lines on each side. White in color along the sides and belly, with a darker back.

Maximum Size

Up to six pounds (2.7 kg).

Geographic Range

Prominent in Mississippi, Ohio, and Missouri River systems and surrounding regions. Range from southern Canada to northern Mexico.


These fish usually travel in large schools. Adults prefer open water over sandy shoals during the day and shallows at night.


Shad, minnows, crustaceans, and insects.


White bass are very prolific. One female can produce up to one million eggs. Reproductive activities are triggered by water temperatures of 50 to 55 degree F (10-12.8°C). Spawning is at random over weeds, debris and rocks. When tributary streams are available, this species prefers upstream migration for spawning. No parental care is provided to eggs or young.

Information courtesy of Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation.

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