Snook (Common Snook)

Appearance

It is easily distinguished by its dark lateral band and prominent protruding lower jaw. Silvery body color is shaded olive green. Has two dorsal fins that are separated.

Maximum Size

Up t o 55 inches (140 cm) forklength and may weigh as much as 50 pounds (22.5 kg).

Geographic Range

Coastal waters of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic Ocean, from the U.S. mid-Atlantic to southeastern Brazil, including the insular and mainland margins of the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. In the U.S. its center of abundance is the brackish coasts of south Florida, with a range extending from coastal Texas possibly as far as Delaware. Outside Florida, the only other permanent population in the United States is in Texas.

Habitat

Occurring in shallow coastal waters up to 66 feet (20 m) deep, lagoons, and estuaries. The fish often enters fresh water.

Life Span

Around seven years of age.

Food

A carnivorous fish that feeds on crustaceans and smaller fish.

Spawning

Snook congregate for spawning around the mouths of rivers, canals, and passes, and along adjacent shorelines. Spawning activity is more prolonged on the east coast, beginning in April and continuing in to December. Female snook can contain 1,440,000 eggs.

Information courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey.


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