How the Southern Whitetail Rut Differs from the Rest of the Country

How the Southern Whitetail Rut Differs from the Rest of the Country
Deep South white-tailed bucks follow a much different rut cycle than their family members to the north. (Photo courtesy of Jeremy Flinn)

The small window of rut-crazed activity in regions such as the Midwest and Northeast is much different than the long drawn-out whitetail rut of the Deep South

It might seem crazy to millions of whitetail hunters, but in the month of December, the rut is about to start. It’s true … for some areas. Not true for Wisconsin and Pennsylvania, and not even further south in states like Oklahoma and Tennessee. But further south, when the last month of the year rolls up on the calendar, the rut is near.

Yes, for the Deep South, the months of December and January will be some of the best hunting of the year. From South Texas to South Alabama, the bucks are cranked up and the does are coming into estrous. However, unlike the Midwest or Northeast where there are two weeks of can’t-miss action, the southern rut is much longer.

At first glance, hunters might be thinking “Two months of rut … why hunt anywhere else?” Although southern hunters may encounter some high rutting activity across a two-month period, they also will encounter some completely dead days.

Further north, where hunters may experience a couple of dead days during the rut, in the south a dead period may last a couple weeks. A lot of southerners refer to this as a “drip rut.” Meaning, there will be some great days, some decent days, and some poor days over the two-month period. What’s even crazier is properties less than an hour apart can have completely different peak breeding times.

Need some facts? The state of Mississippi is a great place to start. My alma mater, the Mississippi State University Deer Ecology and Management Lab (MSU Deer Lab), has learned a lot from analyzing the extensive variation in breeding dates across Mississippi. Peak breeding varies from late November in the northeast part of the state to mid-February in the southeast. (See the image at the bottom of this article.)

However, within each region of the state, the duration is relatively consistent; about 30 to 45 days with most of breeding taking place within a 21-day period. There may be a second, much smaller breeding cycle three to four weeks later, due to mature does that had to recycle and some doe fawns that matured for their first cycle. This is often what hunters call the “second rut.”

So what does all this mean?

Well, if hunters want to hunt a rutting buck in December or January, they should head to the Deep South. It also shows how critical it is to keep buck-to-doe ratios in optimal balance, like one adult buck per two to four adult does. When the doe ratio gets higher than four, the rut hunting will likely be very weak because bucks don’t have to travel far to find a hot doe, and it takes longer for the bucks to breed all of the does. Running a pre-season trail camera survey is a great way to get an estimate going into the season to determine how many does need to harvested.

Good luck to all the southern hunters heading out for late-season rutting bucks!

mississippi state whitetail rut date
(Image courtesy of Jeremy Flinn)

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