Collecting Broodstock An Important Tool For Fisheries Management

Kentucky fisheries rely on boodstock practice

Collecting Broodstock An Important Tool For Fisheries Management
Collecting Broodstock An Important Tool For Fisheries Management

FRANKFORT, Ky. – The phone calls started in the late afternoon along with posts on fishing related web sites. Some anglers recently witnessed the Fisheries Division of the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources collect smallmouth bass broodstock from Dale Hollow Lake and grew concerned something funny just occurred.

Nothing unusual was afoot. It was part of the fishery management process that occurs every spring in rivers and reservoirs across Kentucky.

“Without broodstock, we cannot stock fish,” said Ron Brooks, director of fisheries for the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. “We obtain broodstock from public waters. We also don’t keep a lot of broodstock on hand at the hatchery because of feeding costs. We only take broodfish from waters that can handle it and we try and return all of them.”

Fisheries staff at Minor Clark Fish Hatchery in Morehead will spawn the smallmouth bass taken from Dale Hollow Lake and stock the offspring in Paintsville Lake. Smallmouth bass broodstock borrowed from Dale Hollow Lake produced the fish stocked in Laurel River Lake in the mid 1980s. Laurel River Lake is now one of the better trophy smallmouth bass lakes in the upper South and it produced a former 8.46-pound Kentucky state record.


“The Dale Hollow strain reproduces well in reservoirs,” said Gerry Buynak, assistant director of fisheries for Kentucky Fish and Wildlife. “Plus, Dale Hollow smallmouth bass broodstock are proven to work and have the best genetics.”


The waters of Dale Hollow Lake birthed the three biggest smallmouth bass ever recorded: the 11-pound, 15-ounce Kentucky state and all tackle world record taken by David Hayes in 1955, a 10.875 pounder caught in 1969 and a 10.5 pounder taken in 1986. The lake produced six of the top 10 entries on ESPNs Top 25 smallmouth bass of all time.

Fisheries personnel will stock between 20,000 and 30,000 2-inch smallmouth bass in Paintsville Lake in 2011, 2012 and 2013. Any extra hatchery production goes back into Dale Hollow Lake.

“We will return the broodfish in three years. We are holding them for three years because we don’t want to go back every spring and shock people’s fishing holes,” Brooks said. “The broodfish be well fed and will go back into the lake in better shape than we got them.”

Kentuckians would not enjoy the quality muskellunge fishing found in Cave Run Lake, Buckhorn Lake, Green River Lake or our native muskellunge streams without the broodstock gathering process.


“We go to the Licking River every spring and get fresh muskellunge broodstock for the hatchery,” Buynak said. “Without stocking, the muskellunge fishery in Kentucky would be very limited and unsustainable.”

Kentucky Fish and Wildlife obtains sauger from the Cumberland River below Wolf Creek Dam and Kentucky River, native walleye from Rockcastle River and Lake Erie strain walleye from several reservoirs for hatchery broodstock.

“Spring is the best time to collect broodfish,” Buynak explained. “We replenish our broodstock at the hatchery, spawn them and release the bigger ones back into where we got them and keep some of the small to medium-sized ones at the hatchery in case we need them.”


Buying eggs produced from outside Kentucky for rearing in our hatcheries isn’t practical, except for the trout.

“Every state gets their broodstock from somewhere,” Buynak said. “If the process is working, why buy them from someone? We also want to spawn native fish from our waters to keep our native genetics going when we stock.”

If you see a noisy, odd-looking boat with steel tentacles hanging in the water in front of it and a fish stocking truck at the ramp, you are not witnessing funny business. Kentucky Fish and Wildlife fisheries personnel are in the process of making better fishing in the future for all Kentuckians to enjoy.

Author Lee McClellan is an award-winning associate editor for Kentucky Afield magazine, the official publication of the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. He is a life-long hunter and angler, with a passion for smallmouth bass fishing.

The Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources manages, regulates, enforces and promotes responsible use of all fish and wildlife species, their habitats, public wildlife areas and waterways for the benefit of those resources and for public enjoyment. Kentucky Fish and Wildlife is an agency of the Tourism, Arts and Heritage Cabinet. For more information on the department, visit our web site at fw.ky.gov.

GET THE NEWSLETTER Join the List and Never Miss a Thing.

Recommended Articles

See More Recommendations

Popular Videos

Simms

Simms' Solarflex Ultra Cool Armor Hoody

John Frazier of Simms Fishing Products helps OSG's Lynn Burkhead understand the new features of the new Simms' Solarflex Ultra Cool Armor sun protection hoody.

MLF BPT angler and former Classic champ Casey Ashley has been with Costa del Mar sunglasses his whole career. At ICAST 2019, he shows OSG writer Lynn Burkhead some new products and talks how to pick the right lens color for the water.

Electric Filet Knife from Bubba Blades

Electric Filet Knife from Bubba Blades

As OSG's Lynn Burkhead looks on, Josh Neville shows off the cordless and corded versions of a new electric filet knife from Bubba Blades.

MLF Pro Tips: How to Fish a New Lake

MLF Pro Tips: How to Fish a New Lake

Major League Fishing pros Alton Jones, Jeff Sprague, Anthony Gagliardi and James Watson share their thoughts on how to approach fishing a new lake for bass.

See More Popular Videos

Trending Articles

Here are the 10 most common reel performance problems and how to fix them. Reels

10 Most Common Reel Performance Problems

Anietra Hamper

Here are the 10 most common reel performance problems and how to fix them.

Unless you live in Antarctica, the only continent they aren't known to inhabit, there is a species Catfish

10 Biggest Catfish World Records of All Time

Jack Vitek - December 08, 2014

Unless you live in Antarctica, the only continent they aren't known to inhabit, there is a...

When it comes to fishing baits, you won't find a more unusual variety than the strange brews of smelly ingredients often used to catch catfish. Catfish

How To Make Your Own Catfish Dough Bait

Keith Sutton - August 04, 2015

When it comes to fishing baits, you won't find a more unusual variety than the strange brews...

Celebrate with great food for your backyard BBQ or picnic with these outdoor recipes. Wild Game

10 Recipes for Your Outdoor BBQ

Game & Fish Online Staff

Celebrate with great food for your backyard BBQ or picnic with these outdoor recipes.

See More Trending Articles

GET THE MAGAZINE Subscribe & Save

Digital Now Included!

SUBSCRIBE NOW

Give a Gift   |   Subscriber Services

PREVIEW THIS MONTH'S ISSUE

GET THE NEWSLETTER Join the List and Never Miss a Thing.

Get Digital Access.

All Game & Fish subscribers now have digital access to their magazine content. This means you have the option to read your magazine on most popular phones and tablets.

To get started, click the link below to visit mymagnow.com and learn how to access your digital magazine.

Get Digital Access

Not a Subscriber?
Subscribe Now