Early archery season in the Bayou State is almost upon us, and if you havenâ€™t made your preparations already youâ€™re into the last minute. Like tax time, opening day waits for no one, so itâ€™s time to get all your equipment tuned up and be ready to get a deer in your freezer.
One thing that contributes to a successful archery season is early conditioning and preparation. Dedicated bowhunters start their preparation long before most hunters are even thinking about archery season. That means getting your equipment ready in late June or early July.
First, pay a visit to your local pro shop and make sure the cams are rolling in unison. Wheel bows are a little less sensitive than cam bows, but you still need to have the bow tuned so the cams are releasing energy in a uniform way. If they donâ€™t, the top limb and the bottom limb are providing different forces on the string at different times, and that causes the arrow to porpoise. If that happens, you never get the bow to shoot straight.
Many bowhunters try to tune their bows themselves. If youâ€™re shooting a high-tech bow, however, itâ€™s better to have someone who works on bows for a living do it for you. Have your pro shop check it once a year, because once itâ€™s tuned, it usually holds that through the season. But you still should keep checking the bow by shooting paper every so often, just to be sure the arrow is coming off straight.
Itâ€™s not just about tuning your bow, however. Itâ€™s also about tuning your body. When the time comes to draw your bow, every move you make has to be second nature. Your muscles need to be tuned and ready to go. You donâ€™t just pick up one of todayâ€™s high-tech bows and shoot it. You have to train to use it.
When youâ€™re hunting, youâ€™re not in the best of conditions anyway. It may be cold, windy, or raining, which means youâ€™re not in an ideal situation to draw a bow. And many, if not most, bowhunters canâ€™t draw from a sitting position. They have to stand up to draw, increasing the motion and sound that the deer may detect. If youâ€™ve sat for hours you may be stiff, so you must have the muscle tone and the ability to draw the bow when the time comes.
Once your bow is tuned, start practicing at least once a week. As you move into later July and early August, start shooting more. A good goal by the end of August is at least 50 arrows a week.
As the season approaches, check all your other equipment for any safety issues, and makes sure everything is functioning properly. If you hunt from climbing tree stands, go through your stands and look at all the bolts and straps to make sure everything is secure, that nothing has broken or fractured, and that everything is structurally sound. Then I go through your pack and make sure all the small stuff is in good condition: your flashlight, the rope to draw your bow up, my compass, your grunt calls, and everything else.
Although hunters love pines for climbing stands, they arenâ€™t a good choice during archery season because they tend to be noisy. If youâ€™re using a climbing stand for bowhunting, look for a good hardwood thatâ€™s straight. You may have to do some trimming of small branches to make it a good â€śclimbingâ€ť tree. If thatâ€™s the case, do it well in advance of opening day so you donâ€™t cause any disturbance in the woods right before you start hunting.
During the early part of the season, prior to the rut, the ideal place to bowhunt is over a food source. You know what the deer are coming to, and if youâ€™ve done your scouting, you know where theyâ€™re coming from. You can set up your stand according to the prevailing wind direction to control your scent and make sure you donâ€™t spook the deer.
Think broadly when considering food sources. Early in the season, there still are some persimmons on the ground. If you can find grapes, thatâ€™s also a good place to hunt. Find whatever fruit you can early in the season, and hunt it while you have the chance.
As the season progresses and acorns start to fall, move to them. Typically the red oaks and black oaks are the first to drop their acorns. Further into the season, the white oaks drop theirs. And as the season gets later and later, especially if youâ€™re trying to hunt in the primitive weapons hunt with a bow instead of a muzzleloader, youâ€™re going to find that pin oaks and water oaks are the ones that are dropping acorns then. The does come in to eat the acorns and the bucks come in because the does are there.
SO WHERE ARE THEY?
Bayou State hunters have good sources of information about where the most deer are killed. From looking at the most recent deer harvest report, we can get a good idea of where deer hunting should be good this fall. In addition, the Big Bucks list provides a picture of where the quality deer are located.
Bear in mind that these data do have some limitations. Because this article was prepared in February, biologists didnâ€™t yet have data on the 2011-2012 season ready, so there may be some differences between top parishes last year and top parishes this year.
In addition, spring weather conditions still are an unknown. And of course, the outcome of hurricane season can affect the deer herd over large swaths of the state.
With those caveats, data from the 2010-2011 season suggests that the following 10 parishes may be the best choices for archery hunting for this fall.
This area is primarily piney woods, and is part of the Coastal Plains habitat in northwest Louisiana. It includes Bienville, Bossier, Caddo, Caldwell, Claiborne, DeSoto, Jackson, LaSalle, Lincoln, Red River, Union, and Webster parishes.
Hunters here have good prospects in a number of parishes: Bienville, Bossier, Claiborne, Jackson, Union and Webster. From the standpoint of the rut, this is a good region for hunters to target. Bucks start making scrapes around the end of the September, with the first breeding peak taking place around the second week of November.