Sailfish (Pacific and Atlantic)

Appearance

They are blue to gray in color with a silvery-white underbelly. Their most distinguishing characteristic is their enlarged dorsal fin in the form of a sail, often stretching the entire length of the back. Much like the marlin and other billfishes, the sailfish's upper jaw extends in the form of a spear.


Maximum Size

Sailfish in the Pacific are a larger subspecies than their Atlantic cousin, reaching weights of over 200 pounds (90 kg) and 10 feet (3 m) in length.

Growth Rate

Very fast, often reaching lengths of 4 feet (1.2 m) in its first year.

Geographic Range

sailfishSailfish leaps from the water.

The Atlantic sailfish can be found in southwestern Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. The Pacific species is native to both the Indian and Pacific Ocean.

Behavior

Sailfish are one of the ocean's fastest swimmers, reaching speeds of 50 knots.


Food

Fish and squid.

Information credit: Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.

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