Although we canâ€™t say that weâ€™re crawling with gobblers for folks going Florida turkey hunting, the Sunshine State does have a nice population of birds, and hunters have a decent shot at getting a gobbler some time during the season.
Roger Shields is the state turkey program coordinator for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.Â He said that the past two nesting seasons havenâ€™t been the best that Florida has seen.
â€śParticularly during the 2013 season, a large portion of the state had pretty heavy rains during the late part of the summer,â€ť he said.Â â€śThen we had heavy rains in south Florida throughout the summer.Â I think our reproductive output was a little bit down for 2013, so the number of jakes for 2014 will be lower.â€ť
Two years, from the Panhandle to about Lake City, early summer also was very wet.
â€śWe donâ€™t do any kind of brood survey, so I donâ€™t have concrete numbers,â€ť he said.Â â€śBut in thinking about reproductive chronology, nesting usually is in March and April with hatching in April and May, so hopefully enough of the poults were old enough that the rains that came later on didnâ€™t have devastating effects on them.â€ť
$69.99 at gander-mountain.com
Custom Setup That Covers Body, Gun
Getting into some ghillie suits feels more like pulling a garbage bag over your head than wearing something that is comfortable and effective. But Red Rock Outdoor doesnâ€™t take a one-size-fits all approach to ghillie suits. Their new 5 Piece Ghillie Suit jacket and pants have snap closures and elastic waist bands so you can layer clothing and choose your own fit. The pants also include snaps on the outer seams to cover boots easily. The hood is adjustable with a drawstring chinstrap. Thereâ€™s also a gun wrap that has elastic and a drawstring so your gun is an extension of your ghillie suit. Way stealth. Throw it all in the stuff sack. M/L and XL/XXL.
Photo by Ron Sinfelt
$205.99 at midwayusa.com
Reticle Ranges, Centers Sweet Spot
Weaverâ€™s new turkey scope features a unique reticle designed to help hunters place precise shots on gobblers. The Kaspa 1-4x24mm Turkey Scope features the Vertical Zone Turkey Reticle. The VZT reticleâ€™s straight-sided, slot shape is designed to naturally aim the center crosshair to the middle of a turkeyâ€™s kill zone. The two oval slots are designed to provide references for 20 and 40 yards. So you know how far away your bird is and you can place him right in the middle of your shot pattern.
Turn Old Decoy Into a Hot Commodity
A-Way Outdoors has been working on this design for a while, and we think they got it just right. Itâ€™s a clever idea to make your $50 turkey decoy look a lot like an $800 real-mount deke. Turkey Skinz are made from real turkey feathers that fit like a sheath over most hen, jake or non-full-strut tom decoys. The skins are durable as well, so you wonâ€™t need to bust your hunt if it rains or if a tom spurs it.
Photo by Ron Sinfelt
Brilliant! Magnet Holds Paddle to Call
Hereâ€™s one of those products that you see and go, â€śOh, yeah. Why didnâ€™t I think of that?â€ť Primosâ€™ new Hook Up box call has a detachable lid. I am sure youâ€™ve been running and gunning, and your box call is cuttinâ€™ and yelping all on its own in your vest? Well, now you can just pop the lid off and carry it in a separate pocket. An ultra-strong magnet also holds the paddle at the perfect angle for crisp cuts, smooth purrs and soft to loud yelps â€” when you want them.
$149 at cabelas.com
Decoy Turns, Fans By Remote Control
How about a jake decoy that fans and moves at the touch a button from 150 feet away? Configured in the jake style, Mojoâ€™s Shake-N-Jake sits with its tail collapsed and down when in the off position. Use the remote control to turn it on and it raises its tail and fans it while simultaneously turning its body, just like real turkeys do. 4 AA batteries. Mounts on a 2-foot stake and comes with blaze orange carry bag with straps.
Check local hunting regs to confirm you can use an electronic motion decoy.
Photo by Ron Sinfelt
Sweet Semi-auto Turkey Shotgun
Winchesterâ€™s Super X3 semi-auto shotguns have been in the field long enough that theyâ€™ve proven themselves as quality guns. The company keeps expanding the line, and now theyâ€™ve produced a model specifically for Winchester Ammoâ€™s new turkey load, Long Beard XR. The new SX3 Long Beard is a 3-inch chambered 12-gauge that comes with Briley X-Full Long Beard Invector-Plus extended choke tubes optimized for Long Beard shells. Youâ€™ll also notice the stock comes with three interchangeable recoil pads, three interchangeable comb pieces and a pistol grip.
Check out more of the hottest turkey shotguns for 2014.
$25.99 at quakerboy.com.
Shallow Or Deep Section for Various Sounds
We all try to coax as much variation from our slate calls as we can. You might try to get the sound of a boss hen, a 2-year-old hen, jake and young-of-the-year bird from one call to tempt a tom into range. Good luck, until now. Quaker Boy made a call to help you get a wide variety of sounds from one call. The Mossy Oak Turkey Thugs Full Tilt Slate call is has a custom design pot that has a variable sound chamber: deep on one end and shallow on the other. You can get soft subtle calls on the shallow end and higher-volume, raspy sounds on the deep end.
Photo by Ron Sinfelt
Traditional Decoy at Low Price
If youâ€™re looking for a plastic turkey decoy that looks good to toms and doesnâ€™t break the bank, check out Primosâ€™ Gobstopper. It features the detail and paint-scheme quality you would expect from a higher-end decoy. The Gob-stopper is lighter than many premium decoys, and can be set up upright, contented or submissive.
Photo by Ron Sinfelt
MSRP $169.95 for dark green finish
$189.95 for Realtree Xtra Green
Small Package, Big Features
If you plan on doing any turkey hunting with a bow or crossbow, youâ€™ll want to have a laser rangefinder with you to make sure you know the distance to your bird. Heck, itâ€™s good to have one when gun hunting as well. Nikon is making it easy to pack a small LRF that will fit in the chest pocket of your vest. The Aculon is less than 4 inches by 3 inches and weighs less than 4 1/2 ounces. Yet, the LRF has big-time functions, like a Distant Target Priority Mode that displays the range of the farthest target among a group of targets measured. Thatâ€™s cool because there often grass or branches between you and the bird, since you are most likely on the ground, too. It has a Continuous Mode and 6- to 550-yard detection.
$15.99 at dickssportinggoods.com.
Soft Yelps Easy with Flexible Call
Flextone founder and inventor Tom Wiley has come up with another variation of the flexible turkey mouth call for the 2014 season. The Thunder Yelper makes it easy to give soft yelps, which can be hard to produce with traditional diaphragm calls. It also gives you another tool among your calls to introduce variation so that you can give a gobbler a sound it might never have heard before.
Photo by Ron Sinfelt
Shields heard anecdotal reports that people are seeing a fair number of birds in the Panhandle, but also that people arenâ€™t seeing as many as they have in the past.
â€śI suspect that this yearâ€™s hunting in the Panhandle probably is going to dip a little bit from what it has been, just because there arenâ€™t as many two and a half year old birds,â€ť he said.
Hunters in the central part of the state may have a different story.
â€śThat part of the state kind of escaped all the heavy rains from both the south and the north,â€ť Shields said.Â â€śHunting there should be pretty good.â€ť
Although FWC doesnâ€™t do an annual statewide turkey survey, biologists have been working on a 10-year assessment that began during the winter of 2011-2012.Â Shields said the process has taken longer than originally planned.
â€śWe had some big gaps, some areas of the state where we didnâ€™t get enough response,â€ť he said.Â â€śWe had to close in those gaps and clean up our habitat suitability model, which took about a year.â€ť
As of the middle of October, he was hoping the assessment would be finished by early 2014.
Shields said that people who participate in Youth Turkey Season love it, but that it hasnâ€™t generated as much interest on public land as the FWC had hoped it would.
â€śWe really didnâ€™t know what kind of demand there would be for it,â€ť he said.Â â€śThe majority of the youth hunts that we offer on the WMAs are in a Quota Hunt format, and Iâ€™ve been tracking the number of people hunting on those areas.â€ť
What heâ€™s seen is that some permits always are left over.
â€śWe havenâ€™t issued all the permits that are available on public land,â€ť he said.Â â€śI donâ€™t know if the word isnâ€™t getting out about the hunts, or if there just isnâ€™t enough demand to utilize that season.Â But for whatever reason, we havenâ€™t issued all the permits that are available for several of the areas.â€ť
On private land, hunters have responded positively to the Youth Turkey Season via the annual mail survey that the FWC sends out.
â€śPeople say they love it,â€ť he said.Â â€śTheyâ€™re taking sons and daughters and grandkids.Â In that respect, itâ€™s been a good opportunity.â€ť
WHERE THE TURKEYS ARE
Depending on where you hunt in the state, you can take either an eastern turkey or an Osceola turkey.Â The line biologists generally use to distinguish which turkey is which runs roughly northeast to southwest across the north-central part of the state.
This isnâ€™t to say that thereâ€™s a line in the sand and the turkeys on one side of it are eastern and on the other side are Osceolas.Â Biologists refer to the area on both sides of that imaginary line as an â€śintergrade,â€ť where the two subspecies mix. But for record keeping purposes they drew a line based on their best estimate of where that separation occurs. Osceolas occur south of, but not including, Taylor, Lafayette, Suwannee, Columbia, Baker, and Nassau counties.
Without a statewide survey, biologists can make only educated guesses about where to find birds.Â That makes it difficult for them to make any kind of firm recommendation about where birds may be found this year.
â€śWe kind of go back to the same areas of the state over and over again,â€ť Shields said.Â â€śThese are the counties that the previous statewide distribution survey indicated that there were high populations of turkeys.Â Then we look at anything thatâ€™s been going on in terms of reproductive output or potential changes in reproductive success and go from there.â€ť
Biologists also look at the results of the annual mail survey to see where birds are coming from on private land.
â€śOur metric is not necessarily total harvest,â€ť he said.Â â€śThatâ€™s a good measure for density of birds, but then we also factor in man-days.â€ť
Once they factor in man-days, the South Region usually looks like the go-to place to get a turkey.
â€śI think thatâ€™s partly because the better areas in the South Region are tied up in leases,â€ť Shields said.Â â€śThe density of hunters may be somewhat less, and the big ranches down there do a lot of work for turkeys.â€ť
Particularly take a look at Okeechobee, Glades and Hendry counties.
The Northeast Region also does quite well with turkey harvest.Â One way to look at this area, he said, is to draw a line down the center of the peninsula of Florida, with the line running roughly from the northwest to the southeast.
â€śThen look at the counties just to the east of that midline,â€ť he said.Â â€śDonâ€™t go all the way out to the coast.â€ť
That eastern mid-state area is where there are larger populations of birds, and where hunters take a good many gobblers.
â€śThe human population density is lower in that area, so thereâ€™s more rural land,â€ť Shields said.Â â€śThereâ€™s a mixture of habitats, with forestry and agriculture in a good blend, and vegetation that supports turkeys.Â That area is east of the I-4 corridor and the area in Polk County thatâ€™s torn up with mining and a lot of other development.Â And the midline is where you have Ocala, Gainesville and Lake City, so thereâ€™s a lot of development there.â€ť
Of particular interest are Clay and Putnam counties as places to look for turkeys on private land.Â Other possiblities are the western portions of St. Johns, Flagler and Volusia counties, and the eastern part of Marion County.
The overall turkey harvest in the North Central Region is less than in the Northeast, but still good.Â Here, look at northern Alachua County, as well as Madison, Taylor, Dixie and Levy counties.Â In the Southwest Region, consider Osceola, Sarasota, Hardee and DeSoto counties,
When it comes to public land, the stateâ€™s wildlife management areas can be divided into three distinct groups, depending on how theyâ€™re hunted: those with unlimited access and maximum hunting opportunity, those managed under the Quota Hunt system, and those where hunting is limited to Special Opportunity Hunts only.
When it comes to areas with unlimited access and maximum opportunity for hunters some possibilities are Green Swamp WMA in Polk, Lake and Sumter counties; Herky Huffman/Bull Creek WMA in Osceola County; Three Lakes WMA in Osceola County; and JW Corbett WMA in south Florida.
Green Swamp requires a quota permit on opening weekend, but after that it has a day use permit thatâ€™s first come-first served at the check station each morning.
Green Swamp is challenging to hunt, but a good road system helps.Â The area covers roughly 50,000 acres.Â If you want to hunt in the swamp, just keep walking. Follow the mosquitoes to get there.
The season on J. W. Corbett is limited to three days each week. Itâ€™s only open on Saturdays, Sundays and Wednesdays.
This area used to have low harvest rates. Now cost-sharing programs between the FWC and the National Wild Turkey Federation have resulted in habitat improvements and an increase in birds.
You need a daily use permit to hunt this area. The permits are available at the check station on the day you want to hunt.
Joe Budd WMA continues to be a good area.Â Itâ€™s restricted to primitive weapons, either muzzleloaders or bows. Joe Budd has a variety of habitats and a lot of topography, which is rare for Florida.
Some of the permits for hunting are on a first come-first served basis at the check station, so you donâ€™t have to draw a permit, but you do have to get there early.
The units of the Big Bend WMA also may be good areas.Â They probably donâ€™t have as many turkeys on them as some of the top areas, but hunters stand a good chance there.
Snipe Island is part of Big Bend WMA.Â Itâ€™s a good area, but is not as diverse as some others in the region.Â You must have a permit for the first 16 days of the hunt. The rest of the hunt period is open to all hunters.
Hickory Mound, another unit of Big Bend WMA, is more than 14,000 acres and located entirely in Taylor County.Â Much of this area is coastal swamp.Â No permit is needed here.
Tide Swamp is another unit of the Big Bend WMA and is similar to both Hickory Mound and Spring Creek.Â It has low-lying terrain, and covers a little less than 20,000 acres.Â Like the other two areas, the habitat is primarily hammock, with some upland flatwoods and sandhills in the inland portions of the area.Â No quota permits are required.
The Jena Unit of Big Bend WMA is located in Dixie County, where it stretches along the coast south of Steinhatchee.Â No permit is required for turkey season.
Herky Huffman/Bull Creek WMA has no permit requirement during spring turkey season.Â Located in Osceola County, this area covers more than 23,000 acres, so there is plenty of room for hunters to spread out.
Three Lakes WMA is a big area in Osceola County, covering more than 63,000 acres.Â Donâ€™t stray over onto the Prairie Lakes Unit of Three Lakes WMA.Â The Prairie Lakes Unit is under quota permit for everything but small game. You are hunting illegally if you cross over onto that piece of property.
Choctawhatchee River WMA covers more than 57,000 acres and sprawls across Bay, Holmes, Walton and Washington counties. Â Because itâ€™s along the Choctawhatchee River, it offers a variety of hardwood habitats that are good for turkeys and has enough area that hunters may be able to find a spot thatâ€™s not receiving much pressure.Â You must have a quota permit to hunt in the Spring Turkey Quota area, but the rest of the WMA is open for hunting.
In the South Region, look at the Big Cypress WMA.
â€śThatâ€™s the biggest public land opportunity we have down there,â€ť Shields said.
Big Cypress covers more than 711,000 acres in Collier, Dade and Monroe counties.Â Big Cypress includes wetlands, pine rock lands, pine flatlands and cypress swamp, with a good bit of prairie and a lot of diversity.
You need to pick up a check station pass at the check station before you enter to hunt turkeys.
QUOTA AND SPECIAL HUNTS
Although itâ€™s too late to get quota hunt permits for this year, if you have a permit to one of these areas youâ€™re very lucky.Â And this is a good time to mention them, so you know where to apply for next year if you want a higher quality hunt that doesnâ€™t require a fee.
Some of the better quota hunts are on Caravelle Ranch, Hickory Hammock, Camp Blanding, Fort Drum, Andrews WMAs, as well as the Prairie Lakes Unit of Three Lakes WMA.
Any of the Special Opportunity turkey hunts are good.Â The FWC selects areas that have good habitat and good turkey populations, and control the size of hunts so that hunter densities very low.Â All of this contributes to higher hunter satisfaction and harvest success.
The WMAs with Special Opportunity turkey hunts are Homosassa, Dexter/Mary Farms, Fort Drum, Lake Panasofkee, Triple N Ranch, Green Swamp West, and Fisheating Creek.
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